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Who We Are

What We Do

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In accordance with Article 68 of the Governing Instrument for the Green Climate Fund, the Board established the IIU as a key function of the accountability mechanism of GCF. It reports directly to the Board or through the Ethics and Audit Committee (EAC) of the Board. As a body independent from the GCF Secretariat, the Unit is tasked with the following:


Proactive Prevention

The IIU takes a proactive approach to deter occurrences of fraud, corruption, and other Prohibited Practices in GCF-funded activities by establishing integrity policies, proactively assessing and mitigating integrity risks, and recommending further improvements to existing GCF policies and procedures.

The IIU employs measures to detect compliance failures and potential integrity violations (red flags) in GCF operations through a risk-based oversight of GCF-funded projects and programmes.


As an initial point of contact, the IIU investigates allegations of Wrongdoing, including Misconduct and Prohibited Practices, in line with international best practices and in close cooperation with relevant counterpart authorities.

Awareness Raising and Capacity Building

The IIU promotes awareness of GCF integrity standards to GCF staff and implementing entities and helps build capacities of accredited entities to effectively prevent, respond to, mitigate, and remedy prohibited practices. The Unit also collaborates with relevant counterpart offices of other international organizations to ensure it is at the frontier of relevant practices.

Learn more about our mandate:

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Head of unit

Ibrahim Pam,

Ibrahim Pam is Head of GCF’s Independent Integrity Unit. He previously worked as an Analyst and Investigator in the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court (ICC), and then as Chief Investigator in the Integrity and Anti-Corruption Department of the African Development Bank (AfDB). As delegate, Ibrahim participated in the drafting of the African Union Convention on Combating and Preventing Corruption, as well as of the UN Convention against Corruption. He also assisted in developing the General Principles for Review of Investigative Offices of the Conference of International Investigators (CII). Most recently, he was Resident Investigator at the UN Office of Internal Oversight Services for the UN Mission in South Sudan. Ibrahim holds a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Jos and a Master in Criminal Justice Policy from the London School of Economics and Political Science.